Introduction: Manado is located at the intersection of Asia and Oceania. The sun is beautiful, and the water temperature is maintained at 28 degrees Celsius all year round. With minimal development, Manado has abundant marine resources, so the marine ecology here is quite diverse. Manado Manado is the capital of North Sulawesi, Indonesia, located in the northeast of the province. It is collectively rated as the best diving site in the world by five major international diving organizations.
There are three local marine natural ecological reserves: Bunaken Reserve in the west, Bangka Reserve in the north, and Lembeh Sealat Reserve in the east, also known as Lembeh Sealat Reserve, which is also known as diving Mecca, the holy land of visitors, makes people really want to immediately explore the paradise of the underwater world. Manado has become the first overseas colony of the Netherlands as early as the 16th century. The abundant cloves and cardamom on the island have also made Manado known as the “Island of Spices”. It has been colonized by Holland, Spain and Japan for more than 300 years, so the architecture and culture here are close to Europe. The residents here are mostly Christian. among them:
Located in the northeast of Manado City, it is the closest to Bangka Reserve (Bangka Reserve). From the only star-rated accommodation in the area-Paradise Beach Resort (Paradise Beach Resort), corals can be seen from the pier. , Is the entry point to visit the underwater world.
Paradise Beach Resort is about an hour and a half from Manado Airport. The hotel is built on a promontory, with a two-and-a-half kilometers long white sandy beach on one side, and a wooden pier in the bay on the other side. Walking past the boardwalk, less than 50 meters from the shore, you can see the shallow sea. The seaweed swayed with the waves. Although the coral coverage here is less than 100%, there are soft corals and stony corals that grow, and there are so many types that make people reluctant to leave. There are also many coral reef fish that swim in the meantime, adding a lot to the underwater scenery. In addition, there are hot springs emerging from the local seabed, and the temperature is very comfortable and pleasant. It should be reminded that there are many sea urchins and jellyfish among the corals in the waters near the pier. Even if you only do snorkeling, you must wear plastic sandals and diving suits before going into the water.
2. Bangka Reserve at the northern end of Manado:
Marine natural ecological conservation area. Most of the small islands in this area are surrounded by shells and coral weathered white sand, and the sea is clear. No matter which island you are close to, you can see corals on the bottom of the boat, like strange flowers dotted in a large green jelly Different fruit.
Most of the islands in the Manka Conservation Area are sparsely populated and have extremely high coral coverage. From the beach into the sea, as long as you leave the boat lane, you can immediately see all kinds of corals spreading in all directions. The beauty is so beautiful that people can’t bear to blink. Some are like large bouquets made of ultra-thick flannel, and some are like flat antlers. There are also various corals on the surface of the reef, attracting many fish to gather for food.
The pollution-free and low-disturbance environment creates this underwater beauty. Corals grow at a depth of less than two meters. It is very relaxing and enjoyable whether you enjoy the scenery or observe the ecology. Apart from bringing tourists to the Coral World, the main economic activity of the local area is fishing. On the fishing boat that returned with a load, the silver bonito piled up into a hill on the deck, shining brightly against the fisherman’s smile. In addition, local fishermen will also erect fishing houses on the sea to form a distinctive maritime cultural landscape.
3. Bunaken National Marine Park (Bunaken National Marine Park):
Manado’s most exciting dive site is located in this national park established in 1991. It is known for its 25-kilometer-long submarine fault, attracting diving enthusiasts from all over the world to explore. It takes about an hour to take a yacht from Manado City.
Bunaken is a crescent-shaped coral reef island, the entire park area is about 89,065 hectares, 97% of the area is clear and crystal warm ocean. And Manado Tua, located to the west of Bunaken, is a bell-shaped dormant volcanic island Manado II, five islands including Montehage, Siladen and Nain, and more than sixty islands. Dive sites. All five islands rise from the sea, large and small caves and ditch walls criss-cross on steep coral walls, and a variety of soft and hard corals and rich marine life on the almost undamaged pristine reef It has become a world-class cliff diving site.
The abundance of marine life here is surprising: the market where barracudas, bulging parrots, Napoleon, and reef sharks come and go, there have also been hammerhead sharks here. Seven of the eight species of clams that have been discovered in the world have settled here. At least 70 species of corals live and reproduce here, and 70% of the fish in the West Indo-Pacific Ocean can be seen. In addition, the visibility can reach 35 to 40 meters, even snorkeling is very interesting.
In addition, the Montehage and Nain islands in the north of Bunaken also have their own characteristics: Montehage is a large and flat island, this island is also surrounded by coral walls, but it is much gentler than the previous two islands. Nain in the north is much smaller. The islands are surrounded by flat skirting reefs, which are similar to the dive sites of Siladen islands to the east of Bunaken. There are many soft corals, crinoids, huge chamomiles, and six kinds of clownfish; if your eyes are bright enough, Pygmy Seahorse is not difficult to spot.
Bunaken Island at the southern end of the conservation area is a coral reef island, surrounded by submarine faults known as the “Undersea Great Wall”. In addition to the spectacular scenery of corals and cliffs, there are many caves in this steeply descending seabed terrain, which are underwater secrets that many deep divers actively challenge.
Generally, tourists disembarking and snorkeling, they will first see a coral forest, and then in an instant, there is a bottomless blue in front of them, which is a cliff that descends three hundred meters. Looking down, the sunlight forms beams of light in the bottomless sea, full of mysterious charm.
4. Lembeh Straits:
The landscape here is completely different from Bunaken. It is a developed dive site. Oceanographers believe that the waters between Sulawesi and MaLUKU Sea are very nutrient-rich places, and it is also the place with the most biological species on the earth. . The so-called Lembeh Strait is a narrow sea area between North Sulawesi and Lembeh Island, with a width of only 1 to 2 kilometers. Most of the diving spots here are located on the shore of Sulawesi or Lembeh Island in the strait, and the water depth is 5-20 meters, but the visibility is not good because the terrain is volcanic rock and the seabed is mostly sandy with volcanic mud. Therefore, such abundant biological species can be cultivated. Because there is Lembeh Island outside to block the wind and waves in the ocean, most of the strait is calm and the waves are calm, and all the dive sites are reachable within 30 minutes by boat, which is quite convenient. It is full of rare marine life in the coral reef waters: Ghost Pipefish, Pygmy Seahorse, and Lembeh can dive all year round. Visibility is poor and there are fewer tourists from January to June. Visibility is the worst in August, but the creatures are the most. September to October may be the best month of the year. Accommodation: Lembeh hills resort Lembeh hills resort.
【Shikoku Islands Raja Ampat】
Raja Ampat, also known as Four King, Raja Ampat or Shikoku Islands. In the New Guinea Peninsula, it is part of the Irian Jaya Province (now renamed Papua Province), the easternmost part of Indonesia, and is in the northwest of this province. The archipelago contains 1,500 islands, the largest of which are isool, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo. Submersible
This is also the separation point between Asia and Oceania. It can be said that this is one of the best dive sites in the world. If you are not aware of beautiful diving here, then the best way is to put all your diving equipment. Sell. According to CIrab’s 2006 statistics, this region recorded the most marine life in Asia. A world record of 284 species of fish has been recorded in one dive. In any case, this is the world’s top ocean.
There are a lot of streams in this area, and it also brings a variety of fish. Such as Wobbegongs Shark, flocks of Manta Ray, and turtles. At the same time, you can often see dolphins and even whales on the boat. In addition, since the Pacific War used to have many wars here, there were also many sunken ships here.
Due to the ongoing Papua independence movement in Ilianjiaya Province, many parts of the province are heavily guarded and closed to tourists. Usually people come here to dive through liveaboards.
One of the most beautiful islands in the world, Bali is Indonesia’s most popular holiday resort and diving destination. Many tourists find that there are very attractive beaches and picturesque idyllic scenery here. This is simply irresistible. Bali has a wealth of diving sites and various types, such as steep cliffs, corals, and the most famous shipwreck in the world. One, the source of water volcanoes, the seabed of water grass and the colorful underwater creatures, these are enough to make you linger.
To the east of the island is the Lombok Strait, the first deep trench from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean. The amount of sea water passing through here is the largest in the world, and the Pacific ocean water continues to pass through, forming a strong current, which also makes diving here have many expectations. This means that there will be a large number of pelagic fish coming here, such as the famous I sunfish mola mola, and sunfish. At the same time, such ocean currents are extremely clean and have high visibility.
If you want to know the names of all the creatures you see, you have to bring a fish catalog. From Secret Bay where you can see hairy frogfish, cockatoo leaf fish and pygmy seahorses and Menjangan in the northwest corner. To Tulanbem and Candi Dasa where you can see all kinds of sharks and bumpy parrots, to Nusa Penida and Lembongan islands where you can see sunfish and Jacksfish, Bari can be said to be fantastic.
Lombok is the westernmost island in Nusa Tenggara Province. It is separated from Bali by the Lombok Strait. The Alas Strait to the east of Lombok separates it from Sumbawa Island in the east. The central city on the island is Mataram.
Lombok is similar to Bali, but it is not very well-known because there were few foreign tourists in the early days. Now, it is increasingly becoming the choice of tourists and is known as the old Bali. The most developed tourism area on Lombok is Senggigi, which is 10 kilometers north of Mataram. However, backpackers generally go to several islands to the west such as Gili Islands. And here happens to be the main dive site in Lombok. Diving in Lombok is suitable for all kinds of divers. The main diving sites are around Gili islands. There are also several diving centers in the south of Lombok that provide diving services. The south is more suitable for experienced divers because the current is relatively large and you can see Many schools of big fish such as Manta and so on.
[Komodo Island Komodo]
Komodo has now become a place of pilgrimage for divers. However, getting there is not easy. Now only some liveaboard diving companies or a small number of diving centers in Labuan Bajo (Flores) organize Komodo diving. It is a pilgrimage, because there are everything a diver wants to see here, from big sharks to manta rays to tuna, sea hares of various colors, special frogfishes, etc., all can be seen, and the corals are very healthy. Because the entire area is a national park, it is well protected.
The main diving areas of Komodo are around Komodo and Rinca islands. Since 1980, this area has become a national park and became a natural heritage of the United Nations in 1986.
However, most of Komodo’s dive sites are only suitable for experienced divers! There are strong and unpredictable ocean currents and undercurrents. At the same time, the water temperature is low, usually only below 23 degrees. Visibility is good here. When diving here, you must consider the tides and other factors, and you must follow the local experienced dive guide. Even if you prepare well beforehand, you should prepare. This will be a crazy dive.
Or go to the Comodo National Park via Labuanbajo (Labuan Island) in the west of Flores. To go to Bima and Labuanbajo, you can take a flight from Denpasar to Bima at 9:30 every morning, and there are connecting routes to Labuanbajo on Monday and Saturday. If you want to go to the city, you can also take a car or inter-island ferry in Bali. There are also many local coastal ships that shuttle between Lombok (Lombok) and Labuanbajo. These boats provide tourists with a four-day and four-night trip to the Comodo National Park, including board and lodging for $50 per person.
Kalimantan is a part of Borneo Island in Indonesia. This part occupies 2/3 of the entire island, and the rest is East Malaysia. There are several coral reefs suitable for diving outside the mouth of the Berau river to the east of Kalimantan. This area is famous for manta rays and a jellyfish lake. At the same time, Berau archipelago also has various marine life, such as beautiful sea hares, crabs, shrimps, sea dragons and so on. There are several diving centers here. These outer islands (Sangalaki, Kakaban, Samama, Maratua, NabUCCo, Derawan) in the east are easily accessible from Balikpapan or Tanjung Redeb.
The visibility here will be relatively low, the lowest is 3 meters, the general is 20 meters, and the highest is 30 meters, which is caused by the river on the island. Samama and Derawan have the lowest visibility, Sangalaki is slightly better because it is farther from the shore, and Kakaban and Maratua are farther away, so better.
[Flores Island Flores]
Flores is located in the middle of Nusa Tenggara, between Komodo and Alor Islands. Most of the coast of Flores is undeveloped. The main dive site is on the north shore. The main dive site on the north shore is in Maumere Bay. The entire FLore is a volcanic landform, and there are many volcanoes on the entire island, so you should also visit the volcanic scenery here, such as Keli Mutu in the middle, with a volcanic lake on top.
Many small marine creatures can be found in Maumere Bay. There are several dive sites suitable for muckdiving. You can find frogfishes, mimic octopus and special nudibranchs, as well as other creatures that are only available here. The famous photographer said that there are at least 1,200 species of fish here, including many newly discovered species.
Maumere Bay is very beautiful, surrounded by volcanoes. The small islands outside the bay have very beautiful coral reefs. Pulau Besar is the largest of them. There are towering volcanoes on the island. Due to the underwater topography of these small islands, the bay is very calm and sometimes you can see dolphins, whales and whale sharks. Especially dolphins and pilot whales can often be seen. Sperm whales are more common in November=December. Whale sharks are more common in April and May. ChinaDiver.com
In 1992, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake occurred here and 18,000 houses collapsed. The earthquake damaged many coral bananas, but they have recovered well this year.
The Alor Islands are located in the easternmost part of Nusa Tenggara. Alor Island is the largest of these islands and is also the easternmost part of the Alor Islands. Other islands include Pantar, Kepa, Buaya, Pura and Tereweng. To the east of Alor is the Ombai Strait, to the east of the strait is East Timor, and to the south is Timor.
Few tourists come to this remote island, mainly liveaboard diving. However, diving here may be very spectacular. Since a lot of cold water passes through the narrow strait, the current here is very large, so there are also many big fish hunting here, such as Barracuda, Jacksfish, dogtooth tuna, devil grouper and many bell sharks…
Sumbawa Island is located to the east of Bali and Lombok and belongs to Nusa Tenggara Province. It consists of a main island, two large islands and many small islands. There are mainly two races of people living on the island: Bima and Samawa. Sumbawa Island is famous for its big waves and sandy beaches. Due to its remoteness, fewer tourists come here, so it retains a relatively primitive landscape. Submersible
Sumbawa’s dive sites are mainly concentrated on the north shore, where there are clear waters, deep cliffs, and submarine volcanic terrain. Here you can find countless trigger fish, tuna, and blue dot octopus.
Sumbawa diving can usually be arranged as part of komodo liveaboard diving, because many boat diving companies arrange to depart from Bima.
Dala Bay is one of the best diving spots in the world. It is located in the north of East Kalimantan. Tanjung Rateb is the entrance to Dala Bay. The whole is located in central and western Indonesia. There are 4 beautiful islands around Dala Bay, Dala Bay, Sangalaki, Maratua and Kakaban. There are 9 dive sites around Dalawan Island, which are rich in marine life, and new species of corals are also found here. Diving here includes cliff diving, cave diving and coral reef shore diving.