For drones, drones are like a door to a new world. Reaching a shooting height that has never been possible before, such a charm makes everyone who loves photography unable to refuse. With the development of technology, entry-level drones have become smaller, lighter, and easier to use.
Everything has a gradual process, including the use of drones. However, which of the many drone brands and drones with many parameters are suitable for beginners? The data shows that 70% of beginners will experience “explosives” in drones for about a month. Why is this so? The main reason is: operating errors.
Drone beginners operation errors include
1. Many beginners will recklessly take off in a narrow room, and then lose control because of no GPS signal, causing the drone to hit the wall;
2. Or when you are flying outdoors, you don’t notice the poor GPS signal during take-off, which will cause the drone to drift and crash into the wall;
3. There are also many people who do not pay attention to the direction of the nose when flying, lose the sense of direction when hitting the stick, and hit the wall by hitting the wrong rod
4. Beginners will fly behind the building, the missing signal will trigger the automatic return, and then hit the wall because the return is not high enough.
Therefore, for drone beginners, it is necessary to temporarily abandon the consideration of drone parameters, but to consider safety, stability and reliability more. Therefore, we recommend that for drones suitable for beginners, it is best to include the following four functions or configurations:
1. With automatic obstacle avoidance function;
2. The image transmission is stable and reliable, and an omnidirectional antenna is used;
3. Use smart battery design;
4. Using a 3-axis machine head
Best drones for beginners – DJI Mavic Air
Maximum recording format: 4K 60fps
Maximum photo resolution: 12MP
Maximum flight time: 21 minutes
Battery capacity: 2375 mAh
Maximum horizontal flight speed: 68 km / h
Maximum cruising range: 10 km
Mavic Air is a device that offers performance comparable to Mavic Pro in a smaller size. The flight endurance is 21 minutes, the maximum speed is 68.4km / h, and it is equipped with binocular vision sensors in three directions: front, rear, and bottom. The weight is only 430 grams. The camera uses a 1 / 2.3-inch, 12-megapixel CMOS sensor. Supports recording 4K / 30fps video and 1080p / 120fps slow motion video with 100Mbps code stream.
The Mavic Air focuses on ease of use. Even the zero-based user can easily operate the DJI Mavic Air.
Mavic Air uses a 3-axis gimbal, and the stability of the shooting picture is very good. In terms of camera specifications, Mavic Air uses a lens equivalent to 24mm F2.8.
At the rear of the fuselage, two visual obstacle avoidance cameras are added compared to Spark. And the middle button can be used for remote control pairing.
In addition to two visual obstacle avoidance cameras at the bottom of the fuselage, there are two rangefinders. In this way, the hovering and landing of the drone will become more stable.
In take-off, in addition to the joystick operation, you can also use the automatic take-off function. After taking off automatically, it will rise to a height of 3m for hovering, and then it is time to play freely. After shooting, you can also use the auto return function to return to the take-off point. However, in view of the many trees near the takeoff point on the test day, I still used manual control to return home, and finally used automatic landing for landing operations.
Generally speaking, DJI Mavic Air almost meets all the requirements of me as a photography enthusiast for the first drone: First, the workmanship is exquisite, and the experience is not cheap; Second, it is easy to get started, and it supports automatic flight. Generate movies; Third, sex can be used, and DJI has no meaning of “squeezing toothpaste” in terms of picture quality and function. Finally, it is important that the price of the Mavic Air itself is not very expensive. Even if beginners have any accidents due to improper operation, the losses are relatively more acceptable.
1. Get started immediately, the app will automatically generate videos, and you can easily make big movies without directing experience;
2. Excellent image quality, fully meet the requirements of photography enthusiasts for image quality;
3. Exquisite workmanship and reasonable design, no toy feel.
4. Easy post-use experience
1. There is no obstacle avoidance on both sides and top of the fuselage. Be careful when flying around.
2. The price is slightly higher
Best drones for beginners – Everyine E58 drone
Item Weight: 1.2 pounds
2 megapixel camera and flight time under 10 minutes, 100 meters range.
The New E58 Pro Edition Drone With 1080p Camera: The wait is over. Upgrade in every way. Better build quality, longer flight times, a much better camera and improved handling and distance. fly your drone anywhere. Save all your videos and photos directly to your phone. No sd card required. Take Pictures & Videos in 1080P HD: Video is streamed in real-time directly on your phone or an FPV headset. Get the latest in drone technology.
Tons of New Features
altitude hold, 1 key takeoff, 1 key land, 1 key 360 flips, gyro control, headless mode and better batteries for longer flight times.
Have the drone take images automatically by throwing up a peace sign. The drone will center to the detected image and take a picture
High-Performance Drone With Camera:
Also has stabilizing technology for the clearest images possible. when activated the drone locks into position with incredible stability allowing you to get the shots you desire.
1. Extremely low price
2. Folded up, very compact
Material is average and easily damaged
Best drones for beginners – Holy Stone HS100
This drone is a professional product of Holy Stone, with a 720P HD wide-angle camera, real-time picture transmission; GPS positioning system; 120 ° adjustable electric camera, intelligent tracking; high-precision gyroscope, wind-resistant flight; one-click return , Headless mode, etc.
With the GPS system, HS100 can follow the remote controller automatically to record your happy time any time and any where.
15 Minutes Flight Time
Equiped with high-capacity rechargeable battery, the flight time is up to 15 minutes.
Equipped with the latest 1080P wide-angle camera, it has a wider range of shooting angle, high control accuracy and photos taken during the flight are more stable and clear.
HS100 is capable of keeping flying to stay at a fixed height even when your fingers leave away from the contral, which makes it easy to contral and more convenient to take pictures.
It can be fully charged for at least 4 hours after the actual measurement. When the battery is fully charged, the 4 indicators will stay on, and will continue to flash during charging. The official announcement is that it can fly for 15+ minutes when fully charged. In fact, if you shoot a video, it feels like you have no power in less than 5 minutes. You need to have a dual battery to barely reach 15 minutes.
Control feelings and Pros and Cons
Because of unfamiliarity, every operation is very nervous, for fear of hitting the object, the lifting and flying joysticks are very sensitive, it is difficult to achieve uniform lifting and flying control. This may require more practice to master.
At an altitude of more than 100 meters, the battery power will plummet, and video disconnection will also occur.
It lacks similar functions as flying around objects and flying away with one click.
1. Price is low enough
2. For beginners, various functions are more complete
1. Long charging time
2. Short flight time
Best drones for beginners – Potensic T25 RC Drone
1080P HD WiFi Camera (SD Card Required)
120 ° FOV and 75° Adjustable Angle
Auto Return & Follow Me Mode
One Key Convenience for Child or Beginners
Advanced 9-axis gyro
Potensic T25 GPS drone adopts advanced 9-axis gyro, which is more wind-resistant and steady during flight, making the pictures and videos you recorded clear and fluent.
Full HD 1080P Camera
The wide angle camera catches 1080P HD photos and live videos from your flight; Just post and share them with your friends and family; Detachable camera mount holds your own sports action camera.
Wi-Fi Real-time Transmission
Enjoy a FPV (First Person View) experience and real-time transmission! Feels like you are just flying in the sky and watching the beautiful scenery below.
Follow Me Function
Under the GPS mode, the drone will automatically follow the APP signal of your mobile phone, ensuring it captures the images that inspiring you no matter where you go.
APP One Key to Share
One-Key click to share your wonderful moments on social media from the APP right after recording it.
Best drones for beginners – GoPro Karma
Karma uses a foldable design and uses its own GoPro action camera as an aerial camera. The three-axis anti-shake gimbal is detachable and combined with the Karma Grip handheld device, it becomes a handheld gimbal camera, so the Karma Grip in the package contains Man-machine
Because of the foldable and miniaturized design, Karma can be stored in a small Karma Case backpack (and the paddles do not need to be removed). Of course, the small size is relative to those non-foldable drones. As mentioned above, because the gimbal is detachable, it can be combined with a Karma Grip and GoPro action camera to form a handheld gimbal camera, which allows you to easily and smoothly take some family warm pictures in addition to extreme sports.
In terms of the power and image transmission of the drone itself, Karma does not reflect many bright spots compared to the current drone products on the market. Instead, the flip-type remote control has good ease of use, and is used in professional aerial photography In terms of it, it still has a certain distance from manufacturers such as DJI. Karma has a weight of 1006g and works at 2.4GHz.
The maximum flight speed is 15m / s, the maximum flight altitude is 4500m, and the maximum wind resistance is 10m / s. Will be further reduced. Karma uses a 14.8V high-voltage battery with a capacity of 75.4Wh, and the charger operates at 16.8V / 5A. It takes 1 hour to fully charge the drone battery, 2.5 hours to fully charge the remote control, and 2 hours to fully charge the Karma Grip (Grip battery life 1.75 hours).
The remote control distance is a bit disappointing, only 1 km. The image transmission system also works at 2.4GHz. The maximum image transmission distance should also be about 1 km. The maximum image transmission image is 720P, which is also average. However, the appearance design of the remote control is more interesting, no matter the key position design, the folding screen is like a game console. This remote controller has a battery life of 4 hours and has a touch-sensitive, 900nits brightness screen, which ensures that it can be clearly seen even in strong light.
Karma itself does not have a gimbal camera, only a three-axis gimbal. The shooting ability comes from the GoPro installed on the gimbal, so the quality of the picture depends on the GoPro action camera you use. Karma is compatible with HERO5 and HERO4 series GoPro. The PTZ has an interface for powering and transmitting data to the latter.
1. Elementary price
2. Small and convenient
1. Lack of motivation
2. Short remote control distance
Best drones for beginners – Tello Mini drone
The workmanship of the Tello mini drone can be seen from the online disassembly map. I think the price of the drone is so low that it is a benchmark. No matter how low the price is, it cannot guarantee the solid hardware workmanship and product interconnection. App supporting experience. I think the mini drone as a primary aerial photography can fully meet the basic psychological expectations. When you learn to operate the drone and improve the aerial photography technology, you can consider higher-level aerial drones.
It means that if you upgrade, it is very likely that you will be left in a corner to eat gray aerial beginners. The first drone experience: Tello mini drone unboxing
1. The Tello mini drone is equipped with a blade protection cover as standard, and an additional pair of blades can be replaced.
2. The APP interface operation of the Tello mini drone is clear at a glance, and it is fast and easy to understand.
3. Tello mini drone’s LED multi-status indicator can see the trial situation by looking at the quick guide.
4. Tello mini drones are affordable and belong to the high-end models of Beginners class mini drones, which can easily experience the 720P aerial photography experience.
1. The charging time of the Tello mini drone is long (about 1.5 hours, 13 minutes battery life), and the details of the fuselage mold still need to be improved.
2. After the Tello Mini Drone App and the mobile phone are connected for a period of time, the mobile phone becomes hot, especially when shooting videos.
3. Tello mini drone aerial image quality is set to high quality, there will still be some color blocks, a little high-speed grasping will not work (obviously can not keep up).
4. The Tello mini drone has insufficient anti-interference ability to the surrounding WIFI, and is easily susceptible to interference from nearby WIFI signals, which causes the receiving signal to be significantly slow in operation experience.
Best drones for beginners – Z11 drone
The Z11 drone has clear edges and corners and a strong sense of plastic. The size of the Z11 drone is 140 * 100 * 60mm, which is relatively lightweight and can even be put in a pocket.
The unfolded size is 300 * 340 * 60mm. The rotor arms are directly expanded and retracted, but they need to follow a certain order or they will collide. The paddle material is sturdy and relatively soft. I tried to directly touch the rotating paddle with my hand. There was really nothing to do with it, and there was no pain at all. For children, it ’s better not to touch.
The camera in front is officially defined as a 4K ESC (16 million pixels) lens, 120-degree wide-angle shooting, supports remote control of aerial photography angle, and the adjustable angle is 90 degrees.
The battery capacity is 1800mAh, and the official sustainable battery life is about 20 minutes, but this battery life is also related to the wind power of the flight. The flight battery life will decrease when there is wind. I have used other drones before, and the battery life is less than 7 minutes. This 20-minute battery life is already very good.
Another important accessory is the remote control, but the overall workmanship feels more general.
The receiving antenna is foldable, and there are two operating levers on the front, power switch, power indicator, one key lift key, headless mode key, and fine adjustment key. Z11 drone supports WIFI mobile phone image transmission. The mobile phone holder is also foldable. Generally, mobile phones within 6 inches can be easily mounted.
The Z11 drone interface supports gesture camera and fist camera functions. As for the follow mode, it is the master mode on the mobile phone. After pulling out the frame on the phone, the camera recognizes it correctly, and this function can be implemented
The Z11 UAV uses a dual optical flow positioning system. It is equipped with an optical flow locator in the horizontal direction and an air pressure fixed height in the height direction, so as to achieve a more accurate hover, and the photos are more stable and clear.
To sum up
1. The price is entry-level and the operation is simple and easy to use.
2. Folding wings, compact body, easy to store.
3. Mobile app and remote control, two control modes, you can choose.
4. In terms of battery life, it is basically the same as the official publicity. Nearly 20 minutes of flight time, you can play 40 minutes with dual power.
1. The plastic feel of the whole machine is relatively strong, and the texture of the remote control is average.
2. Does not support automatic return, low-power return, uncontrolled return.
3. there is no GPS module, does not support point of interest surround, less fun.
Back to the question, if the newcomer wants to start the drone, the purpose is to play personally, the above are good choices, but if you want to be professional, it is recommended to choose the DJI series, after all, the DJI drones have almost become Man-machine pronoun.
About toys and drones
Talking about the comparison between toys and drones, in addition to the different internal core flight controls, there is a key external characteristic-this is stability, or more professionally speaking, flight quality.
The aviation industry divides aircraft flight quality into ten levels, with the highest level and the lowest level. For military aircraft, at least they must be at the first level of quality, and special UAVs are generally required to reach level 3 or higher. The higher the level, the more stable the performance.
These toys have four rotors, all of which have a flying quality of nine or ten, and can be played without being too demanding.
There are many types of drones. For most ordinary people, you may think that “drones = quadrotors”, but unfortunately, not all quadrotors can be called drones when you apply an advertising phrase.
Introduction to drones
It is said that every big boy has a flying dream in his heart. The philosopher said: “Some people turn dreams into reality, and some people turn reality into dream. The key is, what is your dream? What have you done for your dream?” I have loved playing with some airplane toy models since I was a child But since I went to elementary school, I have been studying and studying, and it wasn’t until after graduating from college to work for many years that I really worked hard for this dream.
After several years of exploration, learning and practice, I finally have a certain understanding of the theory of UAV aircraft control. In this series, I hope that more friends will take less detours and bravely enter the field of drones. Our series is about multi-rotor drones. Of course, as an amateur we do not have the ability to be a real manned aircraft. In order to realize our dream of flying, drones are also a great choice.
Types of drones
In recent years, due to the continuous development of open source drone flight controllers and autonomous aircraft pilots, the technology has matured, and tens of thousands of talents around the world are contributing code to open source drone projects. Make more and more ordinary people can easily enter this field. Generally, drones fall into three categories: fixed-wing aircraft, single-rotor helicopters, and multi-rotor helicopters. In the early days, fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters dominated.
In the past ten years, the theory of multi-rotors has matured, with simple assembly and flexible control, and has gradually become a favorite drone. In this series, we also focus on multi-rotor drones to guide everyone into the world of drones.
Fixed-wing aircraft: rely on a propulsion system (front-pull propeller or push-back propeller) to generate forward power to make the aircraft move forward quickly. After the aircraft has achieved forward speed, the air force exerts an upward pulling force on the aircraft’s wingspan (Bernoulli’s principle). When the pulling force is greater than the fuselage gravity, the aircraft is in an upward flight state.
The left and right (rolling) balance of the fixed wing fly is adjusted by the sweep angle of the left and right main wings, the front and rear (pitch) balance is adjusted by the sweep angle of the rudder, and the direction (heading) is adjusted by the vertical rudder. Of course, fixed The wing aircraft’s heading is usually accomplished by a combination of roll and pitch. This is not our main research direction and will not be repeated here.
Long battery life and fast speed.
Runway required, can’t take off and land vertically.
Single rotor helicopter
Single-rotor helicopter: Single-rotor helicopter is referred to as helicopter for short.
The single-rotor and multi-rotor we are talking about here are essentially different in mechanical structure, control principle, and flight theory. Please do not confuse the reader. The main power system of a single-rotor helicopter (hereafter referred to as a helicopter) has only one large propeller. Its main function is to provide the ascending power for flight. Therefore, when the ascending power is greater than the fuselage gravity, the aircraft is in an ascending state. And because the helicopter has only one main power propeller, when the main power motor rotates at high speed, the rotation of the propeller will produce a reverse force to the fuselage-counter torque. Under the action of reverse torque, the aircraft will spin in the opposite direction of the propeller’s rotation.
In order to solve the spin of the helicopter, a small horizontal propeller needs to be added to the tail of the aircraft. The tensile force generated is mainly used to offset the fuselage spin. When the helicopter needs to change the course, it can also be adjusted by the tail propeller. In addition to the main power motor and the tail motor, there are usually three steering gears that are used to change the pitch of the main power propellers and make the fuselage roll and pitch attitudes, so that the aircraft can fly forward, backward or to the left or right. flight.
Can take off and land vertically, hover in the air.
short battery life, complicated mechanical structure, difficult control, and slow flight speed.
Multi-rotor helicopter: An inorganic consisting of three, four, or more propellers.
The most typical and common is the quadrotor helicopter (hereinafter referred to as quadrotor). The four rotors have four shafts and are equipped with four propellers. The high speed rotation of the propellers can also generate upward pulling force to achieve vertical take-off and landing. But unlike helicopters, multi-rotor forward, backward, left, and right flight rely on the different speeds of the four propellers, rather than changing the pitch of the main power propeller like a helicopter, because the pitch of a four-rotor propeller is Fixed, the size of the paddle is also fixed.
The wheelbase of the four rotors of a quadrotor is usually the same, so the power system is usually symmetrical. A tri-rotor, a six-rotor, an eight-rotor, or other multi-rotor is not fundamentally different from a four-rotor except that the scheme of distributing power and torque to multiple propellers is different. It can be said that after learning and mastering the four-rotor, you can understand the principles and power systems of other multi-rotors in the same way.
Can take off and land vertically, hover in the air, simple structure, flexible operation.
Short battery life and slow flight speed.
Models and drones
Many friends like airplanes and aeromodels, but they don’t have an accurate understanding of drones and aeromodels. They think that buying a small multi-rotor aircraft and using a remote control to fly into the field of drones. This is far from enough. There is still a big difference between aeromodelling and drones. Below we will also briefly explain these two contents.
Aviation model aircraft It is a type of aircraft with size restrictions, with or without an engine, which cannot carry people. It relies entirely on the real-time control (remote control) of the ground operator. Usually used for entertainment or aerial games. The essential difference from drones is that the aircraft model must rely on the real-time control of the flight controller, and the aircraft must also be within the sight of the flight controller and the effective range of the remote control. Its composition is relatively simple, and only requires an aircraft frame, a power system, a simple balance system, and a remote control communication system.
Unmanned aerial vehicle, referred to as UAV, English Unmaned Aerial Vehicle, UAV. In other words, the drone represents an aircraft without a pilot. The aircraft automatically controls the balance of flight through an on-board computer system, and performs flight through complex routes that are preset or automatically generated by the aircraft. Relevant tasks and exception handling are performed automatically during flight.
Generally, drones are divided into completely offline aircraft and semi-offline aircraft. Completely offline aircraft can completely interact with the ground system completely, automatically complete one or more flight missions, and return to the flight or land at a designated location after performing the mission; semi-offline During the automatic flight mission, the aircraft can be commanded and controlled by the ground system (ground station), manually intervene in its flight mission, and execute emergency commands of the ground system in emergency situations, such as returning to the air, forced landing, and self-destruction.
It can be said that unmanned aerial vehicles are unmanned aircrafts that can perform flight tasks on their own by a combination of on-board computer systems and ground systems. From the control point of view, it can be completely separated from the real-time control of the ground.